In Lahore, Pakistan, there is a collection of Mughal gardens called the Shalimar Gardens. The gardens, which were built during the height of the Mughal Empire's artistic and aesthetic achievements, are now one of Pakistan's most visited tourist attractions. The Persian paradise garden design of the Shalimar Gardens was created to portray an earthly ideal in which people live in perfect harmony with all other aspects of nature. During the reign of Emperor Shah Jahan, work on the gardens started in 1641 and was finished in 1642. The Shalimar Gardens were designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1981 because they represent Mughal garden design at its pinnacle of development. History:
The Mughal royal family constructed Lahore's Shalimar Gardens largely as a location for them to entertain guests, while a sizable portion was accessible to the general population. The earlier Shalimar Grounds in Kashmir, which Shah Jahan's father, Emperor Jahangir, created, had an impact on the design of the newer gardens. The waterworks in Lahore required substantial engineering to build artificial cascades and terraces, unlike the gardens in Kashmir which depended on naturally sloping terrain. The Shalimar Gardens were created as a miniature version of an idealized world in the Persian Charbagh Paradise garden style. Although the word bagh is simply translated as garden, it refers to a poetic connection between earth and heaven and a coexistence of humans and nature. The bagh's natural resources, such as the moon, sun, and air, are valued. The Shalimar Garden in Lahore was designed with inspiration from the gardens in Kashmir, according to Muhammad Saleh Kamboh, Shah Jahan's historian, who also noted that the garden contained a vast variety of trees and flowers. The location was picked because of the steady water supply. Khalilullah Khan, a court noble of Shah Jahan, coordinated the project with Mulla Alaul Maulk Tuni. The majority of the building was done by Ali Mardan Khan, who also had a 100-mile canal built to transport water to the site from Kashmir's foothills. Things to see:
The name of the top terrace of the gardens, Bagh-e-Farah Baksh, which means Bestower of Pleasure in Arabic, is a common one. The Bagh-e-Faiz Baksh, which translates to 'Bestower of Goodness,' refers to the second and third terraces collectively. The second terrace is fashioned like a thin rectangle, whereas the first and third terraces are also squares. The lowermost terrace, which was accessible to noblemen and occasionally to the general public, served as Shalimar's principal entrance. The most exquisite water features of any Mughal garden could be found on the middle terrace, which was the Emperor's Garden. The Emperor's harem was given exclusive use of the topmost terrace.
Shalamar Chowk G. T. Road, Lahore, 54000, Pakistan