Panaji, also known as Panjim, is the state capital of Goa, in southwest India. Located on the banks of the Mandovi River, the city has cobblestone streets lined with colorful villas an buildings from the Portuguese colonial era. Palm-fringed Miramar Beach sits at the confluence of the river and the Arabian Sea. Set on a hill overlooking the city is the baroque Our Lady of Immaculate Conception Church, built in 1619.
Facing Miramar Beach, Goa Science Centre & Planetarium features interactive exhibits, model dinosaurs and an outdoor park. The riverside Kala Academy, a contemporary cultural complex, hosts dance and drama performances. Overlooking the water is the bright orange, hilltop Maruti Temple, dedicated to the Hindu monkey god Hanuman. To the east, the city of Velha Goa, or Old Goa, is home to colonial landmarks like the vast Se Cathedral and the Basilica of Bom Jesus, which holds the mortal remains of St. Francis Xavier.